Condensed Matter Physics Seminar

2 p.m., Thursday, May 4, 2006
Room 1201, Physics Building

 Unusual transport in low-dimensional graphitic nanomaterials

Philip Kim

(Columbia University)

Abstract:  The massless Dirac particle moving at the speed of light has been a fascinating subject in relativistic quantum physics. Graphene, an isolated single atomic layer of graphite, now provides us an opportunity to investigate such exotic effect in low-energy condensed matter systems. The unique electronic band structure of graphene lattice provides a linear dispersion relation where the Fermi velocity replaces the role of the speed of light in usual Dirac Fermion spectrum. In this presentation I will discuss experimental consequence of Dirac Fermion spectrum in charge transport, realized in two representative low dimensional graphitic carbon systems: 1-dimensional carbon nanotubes and 2-dimensional graphene. Combined with semiconductor device fabrication techniques and the development of new methods of nanoscaled material synthesis/manipulation enables us to investigate mesoscopic transport phenomena in these materials. The exotic quantum transport behavior discovered in these materials, such as room temperature ballistic transport, unusual half-integer quantum Hall effect, and a non-zero Berry's phase in magneto-oscillations will be discussed in the connection to Dirac Fermion description in graphitic systems.
Host:  Fuhrer
Back to Condensed Matter Physics Seminar Home Page