Summary:
Basic cognitive principles
#1: Individuals build their knowledge by using their
existing knowledge and productively creating a response
to the information they receive.
#2: What people construct depends on the context
including their mental states.
#3: It is reasonably easy to learn something that matches
or extends an existing schema, but changing
a well-established schema is difficult.
#4: Different students have different mental responses
and different approaches to learning.
#5: For most individuals, learning is most effectively
carried out via social interactions.