REFERENCES

REFERENCES SECTION L

L1: LIGHT SOURCES AND LIGHT RAYS

L7-16: GALILEOSCOPE
https://www.galileoscope.org/gs/content/downloads

L1-01: ARC LAMP - PROJECTION OF ARC
Harvey E. White, Physics - An Exact Science, 298.
V. J. Menon and D. C. Agrawal, Lifetimes on incandescent bulbs, TPT 41, 100-101 (2003).

L1-02: TUNGSTEN-HALOGEN LAMP - PROJECTION OF LAMP
None.

L1-03: LIGHT BULB WITHOUT VACUUM
Dan MacIsaac, Gary Kanner, and Graydon Anderson, Basic phyics of the incandescent lamp (lightbulb), TPT 37, 520-525 (1999).
Bruce Denardo, Temperature of a lightbulb filament, TPT 40, 101-105 (2002).
Instructions for the Use of No. 1524 Demonstration Incadescent Lamp, Sargent Welch. (Obsolete version of demo.)

L1-04: POINT SOURCE - FLASHLIGHT BULB
None.

L1-05: PERSISTENCE OF A FILAMENT
V.J. Menon and D.C. Agrawal, Lifetimes of Incandescent Bulbs, TPT 41, 100-101 (2003).

L1-11: INVERSE SQUARE LAW - LIGHT BULB AND RADIOMETER
V. Anantha Narayanan, Inverse-square law of light with Airy's disk, TPT 37, 8-9 (1999).
Thilo Wunscher, Kolger Hauptmann, and Friedrich Herrmann, Which way does the light go?, AJP 70, 599-606 (2002).
E. Comay, The problem of spherically symmetric electromagnetic radiation, AJP 70, 715-716 (2002).

L1-12: INVERSE SQUARE LAW - OVERHEAD PROJECTOR AND TWO-METER STICK
Simon George and Robert Doebler, Rainbow Glasses and the Inverse Square Law, TPT 32, 110-111 (1994).

L1-21: PINHOLE IMAGE - GROUND GLASS SCREEN
M. Young, Pinhole Imagery, AJP 40, 715-720 (1972).
Reuben E. Alley, Jr., The Camera Obscura in Science and Art, TPT 18, 632-638, (1980).
D. Bissonnette, P. Rochon, and P. Somers, The Complementary Pinhole Camera, TPT 29, 214 (1991).
Thomas B. Greenslade, Jr., Pinhole Images of the Eclipsing Sun, TPT 32, 347 (1994).
Victor Kriss, Measuring Pinhole Images of the Sun, TPT 34, 190-191 (1996).

L1-22: OPTICAL BOARD - PINHOLE CAMERA
None.

L1-23: PINHOLE POLAROID CAMERA
Louise A. Turner, Best Definition with the Pinhole Camera, AJP 8, 365-371, (1940).
Albert V. Baez, Pinhole-Camera Experiment for the Introductory Physics Course, AJP 25, 636-638, (1957).
C.H. Palmer, ed., Optics Experiments and Demonstrations, Experiment B26-The Pinhole Camera by W. T. Plummer, 239.
Instructions Sheet, Polaroid Pinhole Camera.
Lecture Demonstrations Photograph Examples.

L1-24: PINHOLE TV CAMERA
None.

L1-31: LASER LIGHT CAVITY
Richard A. Phillips and Robert D. Gehrz, Laser Mode Structure Experiments for Undergraduate Laboratories, AJP 38, 429-434 (1970).
Norman Whitlatch, Spectrum analysis of optical resonators, AJP 58, 556-560 (1990).
Ferdinand Stanek, R. G. Tobin, and C. L. Foiles, Stabilization of a multi-mode He-Ne laser: A vivid demonstration of thermal feedback, AJP 61, 932-936 (1993).

L1-32: VISIBLE LASER
N. R. Isenor, Mechanical Model of a Q-Switched Laser, AJP 37, 1159-1160 (1969).
H. Weichel, W. A. Danne, and L. S. Pedrotti, Laser Safety in the laboratory, AJP 42, 1006-1013 (1974).
R. C. Nicklin, Laser vs Light Bulb Power Comparison, AJP 43, 111 (1975).
D. G. H. Andrews and D. R. Tilley, A computer model of laser action in the teaching of computational physics, AJP 59, 536-541 (1991).
Michael E. Knotts, Apparatus for Teaching Physics: Making Laser Beams Visible, TPT 31, 402-403 (1993).

L1-33: LASER BEAM EXPANDERS
None.

L2: PLANE MIRRORS

L2-01: OPTICAL BOARD - PLANE MIRROR
J. C. Martinez-Anton, Apparatus for Teaching Physics: A Technique for Making Brighter Rays, TPT 32, 424-425 (1994).
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
T. Kosa and P. Palffy-Muhoray, Mirage mirror on the wall, AJP 68, 1120-1122 (2000).
Melissa Dancy, Wolfgang Christian, and Mario Belloni, Teaching with Physlets(r): Examples from optics, TPT 40, 494-499 (2002).
Lecture Demonstration Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstration List of Optical Board Demonstrations.
Hasan Fakhruddin, Specular Reflection from a Rough Surface, TPT 41, 206-207 (2003).

L2-02: OPTICAL BOARD - RAY DIAGRAM - PLANE MIRROR
Sue Allen, The Gaussian formula and the elusive fourth principal ray, AJP 60, 160-163 (1992).

L2-03: MICROWAVES - REFLECTION
None.

L2-04: VIRTUAL IMAGE DETECTOR - PLANE MIRROR
John W. Layman, That Can't Be: A Virtual Comment, TPT 17, 253-254, (1979).
Lecture Demonstrations Drawing of Virtual Image Demo Apparatus.

L2-05: PERVERTED IMAGE - AXES IN MIRROR
Van E. Wood, Reflections of Vectors: An Illustration, AJP 37, 331 (1969).
Walter Thumm, Questions Students Ask: A Question of Mirror Reflections, TPT 10, 346 (1972).
Thomas W. Norton, Backwards Clock, TPT 10, 401 (1972).
Kenneth W. Ford, Why is your image in a plane mirror inverted left-to-right but not top-to-bottom, TPT 13, 228-229 (1975).
Jomo Benn, Which Mirror Did That?, TPT 29, 529 (1991).
Igal Galili and Fred Goldberg, Left-Right Conversions in a Plane Mirror, TPT 31, 463-466 (1993).
Martin Gardner, Physics Trick of the Month: A Mirror Paradox, TPT 32, 404 (1994).

L2-06: MAGIC TRICK - DISAPPEARING RABBIT
Ping-Kee Tao and Hong-Moon Lee, Classroom Investigation of the Chinese "Magic" Mirror, TPT 35, 536-538 (1997).
Gene Thompson and Don Mathieson, The mirror box, TPT 39, 508-509 (2001).

L2-07: PERVERTED IMAGE - LIGHT
Transparency "LIGHT"

L2-21: OPTICAL BOARD - HALF-SILVERED MIRROR
None.

L2-22: INFINITY MIRROR
Woodglassics, 3960 Landmark, Culver City, CA 90230; designed by NeoArt, Inc., 1976

L2-23: MIRROR BOX
None.

L2-24: PARTIALLY SILVERED CYLINDER
None.

L2-25: LIGHT BULB IN WATER
Albert V. Baez, An Entertaining Demonstration Using Window Glass As A Mirror, AJP 21, 63-64, (1953).
Supplementary Information, Light Bulb in Water Beaker Illusion.
Lecture Demonstration Design Sketch.

L2-26: HALF-SILVERED MIRROR - RAT IN TUBE
None.

L2-41: OPTICAL BOARD - CORNER REFLECTOR
L. C. Corrado, Ray Reversal by the Corner Reflector, AJP 40, 1860-1861 (1972).
N. I. Robb, Teaching Reflection from a Corner Cube Reflector, TPT 29, 255 (1991).
Frank Kowalski, Reflectance Demonstration, TPT 31, 153 (1993).
Paul Chagnon, Optics for People Stuck in Traffic: License Plates, TPT 33, 112-115 (1995).

L2-42: CORNER REFLECTOR - MIRROR TILE
Frank S. Crawford, Cube corner reflectors for sound waves, AJP 59, 176-177 (1991).

L2-43: CORNER REFLECTOR - ROTATING
None.

L2-44: CORNER REFLECTOR - HAND HELD
J. E. Foller and E. J. Wampler, The lunar laser reflector, Sci. Am. 222 (3), 38 (March 1970).

L2-45: MICROWAVES - CORNER REFLECTOR
None.

L2-46: CORNER REFLECTOR - MODELS
None.

L2-61: MIRROR TILES WITH LIGHT BULB
Hector Covarrubias M., Successive reflections of a light beam on a pair of plane mirrors, AJP 58, 565-567 (1990).

L2-62: MULTIPLE REFLECTIONS WITH MIRROR TILES
Frederick L. Brown, Multiple Reflections from Plane Mirrors, AJP 13, 278-280, (1945).
An-Ti Chai, The Number of Images of an Object between Two Plane Mirrors, AJP 39, 1390-1391 (1971).
Paul Chagnon, Deck the Halls: Animated Displays II: Multiple Reflections, TPT 30, 488-493 (1992).
Howard E. Evans II, Ray Tracing with Hinged Mirrors, TPT 34, 314-315 (1996).

L2-63: TELEIDOSCOPE
Terrence P. Toepker, Apparatus for Teaching Physics: The 70-mm Kaleidoscope, TPT 33, 536-537 (1995).

L2-64: DUCK-IN KALEIDOSCOPE
Duck Into Kaleidoscope, Exploratorium Recipe No. 107, (1980).
Drawing, Parts List, Supplier Information for Building the Duck into Kaleidoscope.

L2-65: METAMORPHOSIS OF CUBE
Lecture Demonstrations Student Paper: Robin Gruber, Metamorphosis of a Cube, (1980).

L3: CURVED MIRRORS

L3-01: OPTICAL BOARD - CONVEX SPHERICAL MIRROR
Myron Effing, Representing image formation in lenses and mirrors, TPT 15, 178-179 (1977).
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations

L3-02: OPTICAL BOARD - RAY DIAGRAM - CONVEX MIRROR
Jim Shaw, Ray Optics with a Spherical Surface, TPT 30, 218 (1992).

L3-03: LARGE CONVEX MIRROR
Ariel R. Libertun, Warning! Objects in mirror are closer than they appear, TPT 41, 20-21 (2003).
James H. Andrews, More Mirror Calculations, TPT 41, 196 (2003).
Sam Lightner, Which Mirror, TPT 41, 196 (2003).

L3-11: OPTICAL BOARD - CONCAVE SPHERICAL MIRROR
H. W. Farwell, The Optical Surfaces of Descartes and Huygens, AJP 9, 255-263 (1941).
G. F. Herrenden-Harker, Caustics by Reflection in a Concave Spherical Reflectting Surface, AJP 16, 272-284 (1948).
Allen Newell and Albert V. Baez, Caustic Curves by Geometric Construction, AJP 17, 145-147 (1949).
Frank Szmulowicz, Conchoid of Nicomedes from reflections and refractions in a cone, AJP 64, 467-471 (1996).
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations
Myron Effing, Representing image formation in lenses and mirrors, TPT 15, 178-179 (1977).

L3-12: OPTICAL BOARD - RAY DIAGRAM - CONCAVE MIRROR
Samuel Derman, Ray Tracing with Spherical and Parabolic Reflectors, TPT 28, 590-593 (1990).
Richard Ditteon, A New Sign Convention for Geometrical Optics, TPT 31, 38-40 (1993).

L3-13: OPTICAL BOARD - SPHERICAL ABERRATION IN CONCAVE MIRROR
A. S. Fuller, Primary Aberrations of Mirrors, AJP 29, 687-694 (1961).
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations

L3-14: LARGE CONCAVE MIRROR
Gordon P. Ramsey, Reflective Properties of a Parabolic Mirror, TPT 29, 240-241 (1991).
Samuel Derman, Letter: Focusing Attention on the Parabolic Reflector, TPT 29, 327 (1991).

L3-15: ROTATING LIQUID MIRROR
D. James Baker, Jr., Demonstration of Fluid Flow in a Rotating System, AJP 34, 647-652 (1966).
Jack Grube, Centripetal force and parabolic surfaces, TPT 11, 109-111 (1973).
W. C. Connolly, Liquid Surface in Rotation, TPT 12, 502 (1974).
Arthur Fisher, Spinning Scopes, Popular Science, October 1987, pp. 76-79, 101-102.
Roy Euclide and Scott Welty, Doing Physics: Fluid Dynamics, TPT 24, 310-311 (1986).
Stephen P. Moran, A new generation of giant eyes gets ready to probe the Universe, Smithsonian Magazine, June 1987, pp. 41-53.
Richard E. Berg, Rotating Liquid Mirror, AJP 58, 280-281, (1990).
Mary Murray, Spinning Mirrors of Mercury, Science News 130, 124-125.
Eureka R & D, Spun Mirrors Now Look Like a Reality, (May 14, 1990).
Hugo Graumann and Hans Laue, Concave Liquid-Mirror Experiments, TPT 36, 28-31 (1998).
Biggest Telescoope Mirror Cast, Astro News, Astronomy, May 1997, page 38.
Erlend H. Graf, Apparatus for the Study of Unifrom Circualr Motion in a Liquid, TPT 35, 427-430 (1997).
Hugo Graumann and Hans Laue, Concave Liquid-Mirror Experiments, TPT 36, 28-31 (1998).

L3-16: FOCUSING OF HEAT WAVES BY MIRRORS
R. E. Berg, Heat-Wave Focusing by Concave Reflectors, TPT 28, 56-57, (1990).
List of Material Properties, Machinable Grade A Lava, General Electric Ceramics.
Catalog Description, Reflectors for Focusing Radiant Energy, Sargent-Welch.
Instructions for No. 1739 Parabolic Reflectors, Welch Scientific.
Lecture Demonstrations Data Sheet on Heater Elements.

L3-17: FOCUSING OF HEAT WAVES - ARC LAMP AND PARABOLIC MIRROR
None.

L3-18: FOCUSING OF HEAT WAVES - OVERHEAD PROJECTOR
None.

L3-19: PENNY AND PARABOLIC MIRROR
Lecture Demonstrations Ray Diagram for Parabolic Mirrors.
Catalog Description, Opti-Thermal Imager.
Supplementary Information on Illusion Device, "Reality or Illusion?"
Pamphlet, "Mirage" Demonstration.
Andrzej Sieradzan, Teaching Geometrical Optics with the "Optic Mirage," TPT 28, 534-536 (1990).

L3-20: APPARENT REFLECTION FROM REAL IMAGE
None.

L3-21: LIGHT BULB AND PARABOLIC MIRROR
Robert M. Graham, Real Image Produce by a Concave Mirror, TPT 15, 116 (1977).
R. D. Edge, String and sticky tape experiments: Optical Illusions, TPT 22, 591-593 (1984).
Robert M. Graham, Convincing Students of the Existence of a Real Image, TPT 32, 238-239 (1994).
Derek B. Swinson, Chinese "Magic" Mirrors, TPT 30, 295-298 (1992).

L3-21: MIRAGE - 3D EFFECT
Arbor Scientific

L3-23: IMAGE ON SCREEN USING CONCAVE MIRROR
None.

L3-24: OPTICAL BOARD - SPHERICAL AND PARABOLIC MIRRORS
None.

L3-25: IMAGE LOCATION WITH TV CAMERA - CONCAVE MIRROR
None.

L3-26: PENDULUM AND SPHERICAL MIRROR
Terrence P. Toepker, Spherical Mirror Images of Dynamic Objects, TPT 30, 252-253 (1992).

L3-31: GIANT MIRROR - CONCAVE AND CONVEX
None.

L3-32: CYLINDRICAL MIRROR DEMONSTRATOR
None.

L3-41: ANAMORPHIC ART
Lecture Demonstration Explanation of Anamorphic Art.
Clifford L. Miles, Mapping Transform Showing Mirror Equivalence In Concave and Convex Reflectors, AJP 42, 614-616 (1974).
J. L. Hunt, B. G. Nickel, and Christian Gigault, Anamorphic images, AJP 68, 232-237 (2000).

L3-42: CHAOS - FOUR REFLECTING SPHERES
David Sweet, Edward Ott, and James A. Yorke, Topology in chaotic scattering, Nature, 27 May 1999, pp315-316.
Dane Camp, Chris Chiaverina, and Tom Senior, Festive fractals, TPT 37, 532 (1999).

L4: REFRACTION

L4-01: OPTICAL BOARD - RECTANGULAR SLAB
James E. Kettler, Index of Refraction by Reflected and Refracted Rays, TPT 32, 190-191 (1994).
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Patrick Bunton, Edible Optics: Using Gelatin to Demonstrate Properties of Light, TPT 35, 421-422 (1997).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations

L4-02: REFRACTION - BEER MUG IN WATER
Michael J. Maloney, Cylindrical lenses and short beers, AJP 43, 741-743 (1975).
Robert E. Prigo, Abel Rosales, Richard B. Harding, and Richard Wormsbecher, One Beer for the Price of Two, AJP 47, 744-745, (1979).
James E. Kettler, Some Optical Effects Using A Hollow Sphere and an Aquarium, TPT 22, 171-172, (1984).
B. F. Melton, A Surprising Demonstration of Total Internal Reflection, TPT 29, 539-540 (1991).

L4-03: REFRACTION - ROD IN WATER
R. C. Nicklin and W. C. Connolly, Rugged Refraction Demonstration, AJP 43, 112 (1975).
Chris Emery, Refractive Puzzle, TPT 31, 413 (1993).
Pietro Ferraro, What breaks the shadow of the tube?, TPT 36, 542-543 (1998).

L4-04: REFRACTION - CAN IN WATER TANK
None.

L4-05: REFRACTION IN FISH TANK - PORTABLE
K. Eftaxias, C. A. Londos, and F. Vallianatos, An alternative treatment of the problem of image formation of an object through plane or spherical interfaces, AJP 58, 771-773 (1990).
Antonio B. Nassar, Apparent Depth, TPT 32, 526-529 (1994).
Gordon O. Johnson, Letter: Further Illuminating Comments on Rays and Images, TPT 33, 198-199 (1995).
Albert A. Bartlett, Letter, TPT 33, 199 (1995).
Eugene Mosca, Letter: TPT 33, 199 (1995).
Igal Galili and Fred Goldberg, Using a linear approximation for single-surface refraction to explain some virtual image phenomena, AJP 64, 256-264 (1996).

L4-06: REFRACTION IN CLOUDY WATER
Philip DiLavore, Reflection and Refraction at an Interface, TPT 13, 247-248, (1975).
Ronald Newburgh, Joseph Peidle, and Douglass Goodale, Using the small-angle approximation to measure the index of refraction of water, TPT 38, 478-479 (2000).

L4-21: SNELL'S LAW - IMAGE DISTORTION
Jinsong Cui, A Demonstration of the Apparent Ellipticity of the Rising or Setting Sun, TPT 29, 566 (1991).
John B. Johnston, Atmospheric Refraction, TPT 15, 308-309, (1977).
Kevin M. Jones, Scott Lundgren, and Alak Chakravorty, A Calculus of Variations Demonstration: The Gradient Index Lens, AJP 56(12), 1099, (1988).
James Evans, Simple forms for equations of rays in gradient-index lenses, AJP 58, 773-778 (1990).
Harald Helfgott and Michel Helfgott, A noncalculus proof that Fermat's principle of least time implies the law of refraction, AJP 70, 1224-1225 (2002).
Adolf Cortel, Apparent-depth demonstration using a plastic box and pins, TPT 40, 441 (2002).
Z. Neda and S. Volkan-Kacso, Flatness of the setting Sun, AJP 71, 379-385 (2003).

L4-22: MIRAGE - LASER AND HOT WIRE
A.J. Barnard and B. Ahlborn, Measurement of Refractive Index Gradient by Deflection of a Laser Beam, AJP 43, 573-574, (1975).
Giuseppe Poggi and Carlo Pontiggia, The Mirage in the Lab, AJP 37, 332, (1969).
Iao-Huei Pan, Measurements of Atmospheric Refraction, AJP 42, 965-970 (1974).
P. R. Barker, P. R. M. Crofts, and M. Gal, A superior "superior" image, AJP 57, 953-954 (1989).
J. F. Davis and T. B. Greenslade, Jr., Computer Modeling of Mirage Formation, TPT 29, 47-48 (1991).

L4-23: BENDING OF LASER BEAM IN SUGAR SOLUTION
William M. Strouse, Bouncing Light Beam, AJP 40, 913, (1972).
Pinkston and Crum, Lecture Demonstrations in Acoustics, JASA 55(1), 2-6, (1974).
John B. Johnston, Atmospheric Refraction, TPT 15, 308-309, (1977).
Kevin M. Jones, Scott Lundgren, and Alak Chakravorty, A Calculus of Variations Demonstration: The Gradient Index Lens, AJP 56(12), 1099, (1988).
James Evans, Simple forms for equations of rays in gradient-index lenses, AJP 58, 773-778 (1990).

L4-31: DISAPPEARANCE OF GLASS IN LIQUID
Donald K. Day, A Safe Pyrex "Vanishing Solution," TPT 15, 438, (1977).
Walter C. Connolly, and Thomas L. Rokoske, The Disappearing Dropper, TPT 18, 467, (1980).
William R. Gregg, Tricks of the Trade: An Old Optics Demonstration - Redone More Safely, TPT 31, 40 (1993).
Material Safety Data Sheet, Cargille Immersion Oil Types A & B Code 1248, R. P. Cargille Laboratories, Inc.

L4-41: MICROWAVES - REFRACTION BY PRISM
None.

L4-42: MICROWAVES - INDEX OF REFRACTION
None.

L5: TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION

L5-01: OPTICAL BOARD - TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations

L5-02: TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION IN LONG TANK
None.

L5-03: FISH IN TANK - TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION
None.

L5-04: MICROWAVES - TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION
None.

L5-05: IMAGE INVERSION BY PRISM
None.

L5-11: LASER WATERFALL
A. Kshatriya, Water jet as a laser light pipe, AJP 44, 604 (1976).
Samuel Derman, String and sticky tape experiments: Light pipes, hydrostatics, surface tension and a milk carton, TPT 22, 42-43 (1984).
Drawings of UM Lecture-Demonstration apparatus.
Thomas B. Greenslade, Jr., The Liquid Vein, TPT 35, 207 (1997).

L5-12: PLEXIGLASS SPIRAL
P. J. Ouseph, "Colgate-Plus" - An Imperfect Light Pipe, TPT 31, 405 (1993).

L5-13: PLEXIGLASS SPIRAL WITH LASER
Peter J. Cumpson, Light Scattering by Fibers: An Analysis Using the Partial Wave Phase-shift Formalism of Quantum Mechanics, AJP 58, 659-663, (1990).
Dale Edgar, Simulating Optical Fibers, TPT 27, 504-506, (1988).
J. Hellemans, A Simple Demonstration of the Total Internal Reflection in Fibers, TPT 22, 589, (1984).

L5-14: LASER AND PLEXIGLASS TUBE
None.

L5-21: FIBER OPTICS ARRAY
None.

L5-22: FIBER OPTICS ARRAY - PROJECTION
None.

L5-23: FIBER OPTICS TREE
None.

L5-24: FIBER OPTICS - COMMUNICATION LINE
Miguel V. Andres and Oswaldo Contreras, Experiments on optical fiber interferometers and laser modes, AJP 60, 540-545 (1992).
John MacChesney, Working Knowledge: Optical Fibers, Scientific American, August 1997.
Adam Niculescu, Demonstration of light-wave communication for high school physics, TPT 40, 347-350 (2002).

L5-31: FRUSTRATED TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - PRISM AND LENS
R. Weigland and J. M. Guerra, Demonstration of the evanescent wave through absorption, AJP 64, 913-916 (1996).
Walter J. Rhein, Demonstration of Penetration of Potential Barriers, AJP 31, 808-809 (1963).
S. Anantha Ramakrishna and A.D. Arour, Propagating and evanescent waves in absorbing media, AJP 71, 562-567 (2003).
Dimitri A. Papathanassoglu and Brian Vohnsen, Direct visualization of evanescent optical waves, AJP 71, 670-677 (2003).
F. P. Zanella, D. V. Magalhaes, M. M. Oliveira, R. F. Bianchi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendoca, Frustrated total internal reflection: A simple application and demonstration, AJP 71, 494-496 (2003).

L5-32: FRUSTRATED TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - TWO PRISMS
None.

L5-33: FRUSTRATED TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - TWO PRISMS & LASER
None.

L5-34: FRUSTRATED TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION - MICROWAVES
Francisco Albiol, Sergio Navas, and Miguel V. Andres, Microwave experiments on electromagnetic evanescent waves and tunneling effect, AJP 61, 165-169 (1993).
Frank A. Smith, Jr., The Frustrated Wave, TPT 10, 216-217 (1972).

L6: LENSES

L6-01: OPTICAL BOARD - CONVERGING SPHERICAL LENS
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstration Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstration List of Optical Board Demonstrations
A. Walther, Teaching the theory of real lenses, AJP 64, 1161-1165 (1996).

L6-02: OPTICAL BOARD - CIRCULAR SLAB
None.

L6-03: OPTICAL BOARD - HYPERBOLIC LENS
None.

L6-04: OPTICAL BOARD - RAY DIAGRAM - REAL IMAGE POS LENS
Stuart Leinoff, Ray Tracing with Virtual Objects, TPT 29, 275-277 (1991).
Harry D. Downing and Walter L. Trikosko, Apparatus for Teaching Physics: Ray Tracing for a Few $, TPT 29, 369-370 (1991).
Diane J. Grayson, Many Rays Are Better Than Two, TPT 33, 42-44 (1995).
Richard Hansgen, Letter: A Different Principal Ray, TPT 33, 198 (1995).
W. Steve Quon, Matrix Treatment of Ray Optics, TPT 34, 378-379 (1996).
Robert W. Lawrence, Magnification ratio and the lens equations, TPT 38, 170-171 (2000).
Ian R. Gatland, Thin lens ray tracing, AJP 70, 1184-1186 (2002).

L6-05: OPTICAL BOARD - RAY DIAGRAM - VIRTUAL IMAGE POS LENS
None.

L6-06: MULTIPLE PINHOLES AND LENS RECOMBINATION
Lecture Demonstration Record Form.
Lecture Demonstration Handwritten Description, R.E.Z. III.
Eduardo C. Valadares and Luiz A. Cury, An Image Is Worth a Thousand Rays, TPT 34, 432-433 (1996).

L6-07: MICROWAVES - LENS
None.

L6-08: REAL IMAGE OF CONVERGING LENS - LIGHT BULB
None.

L6-09: REAL IMAGE OF CONVERGING LENS
None.

L6-10: IMAGE LOCATION WITH TV CAMERA - LENS
None.

L6-11: OPTICAL BOARD - DEPTH OF FIELD
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations

L6-12: MAGNIFYING LENS IN WATER
None.

L6-13: OPTICAL BOARD - PARALLEL RAY FOCUS
None.

L6-14: IMAGE OF CONVEX LENS - WITH AND WITHOUT BAFFLE
None.

L6-21: OPTICAL BOARD - DIVERGING SPHERICAL LENS
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations
D. A. Crandles and R. P. Kauffman, Locating Images Formed by Diverging Lenses, TPT 35, 369-370 (1997).

L6-22: OPTICAL BOARD - RAY DIAGRAM - VIRTUAL IMAGE NEG LENS
David L. Wagner and Thomas A. Walkiewicz, When the eye meets the lens, TPT 38, 474-475 (2000).

L6-31: STRING MODEL - SPHERICAL ABERRATION
Mark Riegel and Brian Holmes, Model of Astigmatism, TPT 26, 96-98, (1988).
L. E. Dodd and C. P. Wiedow, The String Model in Geometrical Optics, AJP 9, 102-106, (1941).
Lecture Demonstrations Design Drawings and Calculations.
Advertisements, Optical Astigmatism Model and Education Products Corp.

L6-32: OPTICAL BOARD - SPHERICAL ABERRATION IN LENS
Arthur S. Jensen, Lens Aberrations - A Classroom Demonstration, AJP 13, 113-115 (1945).
Walter D. Furlan, L. Munoz-Escriva, A. Pons, and M. Martinez-corral, Optical aberrations measurement with a low cost optometric instrument, AJP 70, 857-861 (2002).
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations

L6-33: STRING MODEL - CHROMATIC ABERRATION
Mark Riegel and Brian Holmes, Model of Astigmatism, TPT 26, 96-98, (1988).
L. E. Dodd and C. P. Wiedow, The String Model in Geometrical Optics, AJP 9, 102-106, (1941).
Lecture Demonstrations Design Drawings and Calculations.
Advertisements, Optical Astigmations Model and Education Products Corp.

L6-34: OPTICAL BOARD - CHROMATIC ABERRATION IN LENS
Alex J. Dragt, Lie Albegraic Theory of Geometrical Optics and Optical Aberrations, Journal of the Optical Society of America 72, 372-379.
Grovindan Rangarajan, Spherical Aberration and its Correction Using Ray Tracing and Lie Algebraic Methods. (Manuscript).
Diagram of Optical Experiments, Ealing Catalog.
Experiments on Optics Board Using a Mirror Arrangement That Gives Three Rays to Trace (handwritten), Allen Mincer.
Jay S. Huebner, David L. Gibbs, Jr., and Phil Ryan, Projecting chromatic aberrations, AJP 68, 869-870 (2000).
Lecture Demonstrations Calculations Sheets.
Lecture Demonstrations List of Optical Board Demonstrations

L6-35: CHROMATIC ABERRATION - POINT SOURCE AND 20 CM LENS
Arthur S. Jensen, Lens Aberrations - A Classroom Demonstration, AJP 13, 113-115 (1945).
R. G. Jordan, Playing around with achromatic pairs, TPT 39, 102-105 (2001).
Emily Kubacki, Understanding Lenses: Aplanats and Achromats, Photonics Spectra 39(7), 72-75 (July 2005).

L6-36: STRING MODEL - ASTIGMATISM
Mark Riegel and Brian Holmes, Model of Astigmatism, TPT 26, 96-98, (1988).
L. E. Dodd and C. P. Wiedow, The String Model in Geometrical Optics, AJP 9, 102-106, (1941).
Lecture Demonstrations Design Drawings and Calculations.
Advertisements, Optical Astigmations Model and Education Products Corp.

L6-37: ASTIGMATISM
Arthur S. Jensen, Lens Aberrations - A Classroom Demonstration, AJP 13, 113-115 (1945).

L6-38: COMA
Arthur S. Jensen, Lens Aberrations - A Classroom Demonstration, AJP 13, 113-115 (1945).

L6-39: DISTORTION - PINCUSHION AND BARREL WITH 2 IRISES
Arthur S. Jensen, Lens Aberrations - A Classroom Demonstration, AJP 13, 113-115 (1945).

L6-40: DISTORTION - PINCUSHION AND BARREL
Lecture Demonstrations References: Hecht-Zajac, Optics, 184-186, (1973); Pohl, Optik and Und Atomphysik, 40-41, (1967); Sears, Optics 125-127, (1958); Francon, Experiences de Physique, 139-140, (1958).
Lecture Demonstrations Information Sheets.

L6-41: DISTORTED IMAGE - PINCUSHION AND BARREL
Lecture Demonstrations References: Hecht-Zajac, Optics, 184-186, (1973); Pohl, Optik and Und Atomphysik, 40-41, (1967); Sears, Optics 125-127, (1958); Francon, Experiences de Physique, 139-140, (1958).

L6-42: DISTORTION AND CORRECTION
None.

L6-43: DISTORTED PERSPECTIVE
None.

L6-51: OPTICAL BOARD - FRESNEL LENS
None.

L6-52: FRESNEL LENSES - MISCELLANEOUS
None.

L6-53: FRESNEL LENS MAGNIFIER
B. A. Anicin, V. M. Babovic, and D. M. Davidovic, Frensel Lenses, AJP 57(4), 312-316, (1989).

L6-54: OPTICALLY PROGRAMMED TRAFFIC SIGNAL - MODEL
Design Manual for Optically Programed Signals.
Lecture Demonstrations Data on Fresnel Lenses for Optically Programed Traffic Signals.

L6-55: FRESNEL FLASHLIGHT
None.

L6-56: FRESNEL SPOTLIGHT
None.

L6-71: OPTICAL DISC
Hartl Optical Disc, Central Scientific No. 85250, Central Scientific Co., Chicago, IL.
Operating Instructions: Hartl Optical Disc No. 85245, Central Scientific Co., Chicago, IL.
Blackboard Optics and Accessories, Bulletin 114, Klinger Educational Products.

L6-91: ANAMORPHIC LENS
None.

L7: OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

L7-01: LIGHT METERS
None.

L7-02: FOCAL PLANE SHUTTER
Loren M. Winters, Observations Through a Moving Slot, TPT 32, 376-378 (1994).

L7-03: SHUTTER SPEED OF CAMERA
Gene Byrd and Mark Graham, Camera and telescope free-for-all!, TPT 37, 547-550 (1999).

L7-04: DEPTH OF FIELD AND FIELD OF VIEW
None.

L7-05: VIDEO CAMERA WITH VARIOUS LENSES
None.

L7-06: MINICAM WITH WIDE-ANGLE, TELEPHOTO AND MACROZOOM LENS
None.

L7-11: OPTICAL BOARD - ASTRONOMICAL TELESCOPE
None.

L7-12: OPTICAL BOARD - TELEPHOTO LENS
None.

L7-13: OPTICAL BOARD - GALILEAN TELESCOPE
Roger W. Sinnot, Galileo's Optics, in Hobby Q&A, Sky & Telescope, 140 (January 2005).

L7-14: OPTICAL BOARD - REFLECTING TELESCOPE
None.

L7-15: MICROSCOPE
None.

L7-21: MAGNIFYING GLASS - TV
Lecture Demonstration Record Form.
Jay S. Huebner and Terry L. Smith, Why Magnification Works, TPT 32, 102-103 (1994).
Erlend H. Graf, How do you use a magnifying glass?, TPT 39, 298-300 (2001).
J. Gerard Anderson, Matching Magnifiers, TPT 39, 325 (2001).

L7-22: MICROSCOPE - TV
Barbara Andereck and Sherri Secrest, The Magic Magnifier, TPT 39, 301-302 (2001).
A.J. Cox and Alan J. DeWeerd, The Image Between the Lenses: Activities with a Telescope and a Microscope, TPT 41, 176-177 (2003).

L7-23: ASTRONOMICAL TELESCOPE - TV
None.

L7-24: TERRESTRIAL TELESCOPE - TV
None.

L7-25: GALILEAN TELESCOPE - TV
None.

L7-31: PRINCIPAL PLANES
None.

L7-32: FIELD LENS
Lecture Demonstration Record Form.
Ludwik Kowalski, On Field Lenses, TPT 30, 366-367 (1992).
A. M. Kwan and D. A Wardle, Covering Lenses and Covering Images, TPT 36, 314-315 (1998).

L7-33: OVERHEAD PROJECTOR - DISSECTED
None.

L7-34: SLIDE PROJECTOR - DISSECTED
None.

L7-41: REAL IMAGE - MIRROR AND LENS
None.

L7-42: VIRTUAL IMAGE - MIRROR AND LENS
None.