REFERENCES

REFERENCES SECTION B

B1: CENTER OF MASS STATICS

B1-01: CENTER OF MASS - DISC SECTION
Guenter Schwarz, Center of Mass, AJP 36, x, (1968).
Bill Reid, Center of Mass of a State, TPT 27, 460-461, (1989).
Thomas B. Greensdale, Jr., Center of Mass Demonstrations Using Ceiling Tile, TPT 30, 240-241, (1992)
Thomas B. Greenslade, Jr., Center of Mass Demonstrations Using Ceiling Tile, TPT 30, 240-241 (1992).
James Casey, Exploring Properties of Forces in Equilibrium, TPT 32, 364-367 (1994).

B1-02: CENTER OF MASS - LEANING TOWER
None.

B1-03: CENTER OF MASS - LEANING TOWER ON INCLINED PLANE
None.

B1-04: CENTER OF MASS - BRASS BARBELL
David J. Smith, Friction and the Balanced Mocko Jumbie, TPT 35, 466-468 (1998).

B1-05: CENTER OF MASS - PLUMBER'S HELPER
None.

B1-06: DOUBLE CONE - LARGE
None.

B1-07: DOUBLE CONE -SMALL
Paul Chagnon, Animated Displays III: Mechanical Puzzles, TPT 31, 32-37 (1993).
Nuri Balta, New versions of the rolling double cone, TPT 40, 156-157 (2002).

B1-08: STATES OF EQUILIBRIUM - CONE
None.

B1-09: CENTER OF MASS - TRIANGLE
None.

B1-11: BALANCE MAN
Robert J. Marton, Balance Man: Just One Of Ray Turner's Varied Talents; Laurel, Maryland, The News Leader, September 25, 1975.
Vincent Buckwash, Ways to Demonstrate Center of Gravity, TPT 14, 39-40, (1976).
Ray Turner, 100 Years of Physics and Toys: Balancing Toys, TPT 30, 542-543 (1992).

B1-12: CENTER OF MASS - HINGED STICK PARADOX
None.

B1-13: CENTER OF MASS - FORK AND SPOON ON TOOTHPICK
M. A. Melvin, Centroidally Bordered Bodies and the Balancing L, AJP 23, 131-135 (1955).
Brother Shamus Mahoney, Center of Gravity Demonstration, TPT 6, 157, (1968).
Y. S. Horowitz, A Simple Demonstration of the Concept of Center of Mass, TPT 10, 464-465, (1972).
Terrence P. Toepker, More Center of Gravity, TPT 14, 499-501, (1976).
Terrence P. Toepker, A Center of Gravity Demonstration, TPT 15, 241, (1977).
Scott Welty and Norbert Zarumba, DOING Physics: The Skyhook, TPT 21, 401 (1983).
Robert G. Kirkham, Choosing the Right System for Analysis of Forces, TPT 34, 402-403 (1996).

B1-14: CENTER OF MASS - BOTTLE
None.

B1-15: TOPPLING CYLINDERS
M. E. Gardner, Falling Cylinders, AJP 34, 822, (1966).
Information Sheet with construction details.

B1-16: CORBELED ARCH
Paul B. Johnson, Leaning Tower of Lire, AJP 23, 240, (1955).
Richard M. Sutton, A Problem of Balancing, AJP 23, 547 (1955).
Leonard Eisner, Leaning Tower of the Physical Reviews, AJP 27, 121-122, (1959).
D. J. Steck, An Experiment in Discovery, TPT 18, 672-673, (1980).
Iain MacInnes, An Instructive Mobile, TPT 27, 42, (1989).
Joseph L. Spradley, Meter-Stick Mechanics, TPT 28, 312-314, (1990).
Paul Chagnon, Animated Displays III: Mechanical Puzzles, TPT 31, 32-37 (1993).
George K. Horton, Brian Holton, and Eugene Freidkin, The Leaning Tower of Tiles-Revisited, TPT 35, 214-219 (1997).

B1-17: CENTER OF MASS - STICKS
None.

B1-21: BALANCE BEAM - VARIATION ON THE TIGHTROPE WALKER
None.

B1-22: CENTER OF GRAVITY USING TEETER-TOTTER
Information Sheet with construction details.

B1-23: CENTER OF GRAVITY- WALKING THE PLANK
None.

B1-24: CENTER OF GRAVITY- CARTS ON BALANCE BOARD
The SCIENCE SOURCE, Dynamic Apparatus (with Hoops), Cat. No. 10-4300, Waldoboro, MAINE, 04572.

B2: EQUILIBRIUM OF FORCES AND TORQUES

B2-01: SUM OF FORCES IN A LINE
None.

B2-02: SUM OF FORCES - SPRING SCALES
Iain MacInnes and Rory McPherson, An Illustration of Newton's Third Law, TPT 34, 400 (1996).

B2-03: EQUILIBRIUM OF FORCES
Vassilis Stravrinidis, Demonstrating normal forces with kitchen scales, TPT 36, 556 (1998).

B2-04: VERTICAL FORCES - FOUR SPRING SCALES
None.

B2-11: EQUILIBRIUM OF FORCES - OHAUS PROJECTION
OHAUS FORCE TABLE, Teacher's Guide: A Study of Coplanar Concurrent Forces, No. 4243.
OHAUS FORCE TABLE, Student Lab Manual: A Study of Coplanar Concurrent Forces, No. 4244.
OHAUS FORCE TABLE, Teacher's Guide: Equilibrium of a Rigid Body, No. 4245.
OHAUS FORCE TABLE, Student Lab Manual: Equilibrium of a Rigid Body, No. 4246.
Thomas B. Greenslade, Jr., The force table: Historical variants, TPT 40, 358-359 (2002).

B2-12: EQUILIBRIUM OF FORCES - BOARD BACKGROUND
Sample Data Sheet.

B2-13: EQUILIBRIUM OF FORCES -LARGE PROJECTION
Sample Data Sheet.

B2-14: SUM OF FORCES -LARGE ROPE VERSION
Michael Bernstein, Motivation for the Force Vector, TPT 9, 148, (1971).

B2-15: ADDITION OF NON-LINEAR FORCES
Raul T. Mainardi, Demonstration experiments with platform scales, TPT 39, 488-489 (2001).

B2-16: VECTOR ADDITION WITH ROPE AND STUDENTS
This looks like a section of the Boy Scout manual showing how to whip the ends of a rope so it won't unravel when used.

B2-21: CONCEPT OF TORQUE - TORSIONAL CHAIR
None.

B2-22: TORQUE - PHYSICAL DEFINITION
None.

B2-23: TORQUE CONDITION FOR EQUILIBRIUM
William T. Scott, Torque Condition for Equilibrium, AJP 23, 407-409, (1955).
P. Xiong-Skiba, Load distribution in moving furniture, AJP 64, 799-803 (1996).
Naftali Schweitzer and J. Reuben Freeman, Torques about Symmetrical Bodies, TPT 34, 350 (1996).
Ed van den Berg, Unbalanced, TPT 39, 202 (2001).

B2-31: EQUILIBRIUM OF TORQUES - WHEELS AND AXLES
None.

B2-32: EQUILIBRIUM OF TORQUES - LARGE
None.

B2-33: EQUILIBRIUM OF TORQUES - SMALL
None.

B2-34: EQUILIBRIUM OF TORQUES - ANGLE BRACKET
None.

B2-35: EQUILIBRIUM OF TORQUES ON METER STICK
Sutton, Demonstration Experiments in Physics, Demonstration M-47.
Eli Metzger, An Unusual Case of Simple Harmonic Motion, AJP 40, 1167-1168 (1972).
John B. Hart, Frictional force rotator, AJP 50, 631-634 (1982).
Joseph L. Spradley, Meter-Stick Mechanics, TPT 28, 312-314 (1990).
Richard V. Mancuso, Quantitative Analysis of Moving Two Fingers Under a Meterstick, TPT 31, 222-223 (1993).
Grant O. Gale, The Weighted Meter Stick, AJP 22, 349 (1954).
Said Shakerin, Trick of the Trade: A Modified Ruler Experimental Apparatus, TPT 34, 82 (1996).

B2-36: EQUILIBRIUM OF TORQUES ON METER STICK - ROTATORS
Eli Metzger, An Unusual Case of Simple Harmonic Motion, AJP 40, 1167-1168 (1972).

B2-41: ROBERVAL BALANCE
E. J. Routh, Analytical Statics, Vol. 1, Cambridge University Press (1909) pp 353-354.
Sutton, Demonstration Experiments in Physics, Demonstration M-41.
Harry F. Meiners, Physics Demonstration Experiments, The Ronald Press, Vol 1, Section 12-4.9, pp 285-286.
Anonymous, Little Stinkers: A Balance, TPT 3, 39 (1965).
E. Scott Barr, Letter: A Roberval Balance, TPT 22, 121 (1984).
H. Richard Crane, How Things Work: Three Intuition Teasers, TPT 29, 593-594 (1991).
Paul Chagnon, The Roberval Balance, TPT 30, 238 (1992).
Paul Chagnon, Animated Displays III: Mechanical Puzzles, TPT 31, 32-37 (1993).

B2-42: ARM MODEL
Information Sheets with construction details.
Segment from unidentified physiology book giving approximate dimensions of bones and muscles in the arm.

B2-43: CRANE BOOM
Central Scientific Co., Crane Boom, Cat. No. 74300, Chicago, Ill, Instructions for Use.
Central Scientific Co., Chicago, Ill; Selective Experiments in Physics, No. 71990-M32b, Static Equilibrium: The Crane.

B2-44: STABLE EQUILIBRIUM
None.

B3: SIMPLE MACHINES

B3-01: LEVER AND LOADED WAGON
None.

B3-02: LEVERS - THREE CLASSES
Barbara Pecori and Giacomo Torzo, Physics of the seesaw, TPT 39, 491-495 (2001).

B3-03: LEVERS - WRECKING BAR
None.

B3-11: PULLEY - HUMAN LIFT
None.

B3-12: PULLEY -MECHANICAL ADVANTAGE
Albert A,. Bartlett, What is (or was) White's Pulley?, TPT 14, 13, (1976).
Letter to the Editor: Mario Iona, More on White's Pulley, TPT 13, 260 (1976).

B3-13: PULLEY VS. NO PULLEY
None.

B3-14: EQUILIBRIUM PARADOX - SCALES AND PULLEY
Richard M. Sutton, Some Stepped-Up Lecture Table Experiments, AJP 10, 141-145 (1942).
A. Capecelatro, Harry Meiners, Joseph Pizzo, and Carolyn Sumners, The Spring Balance Reads Less Than Expected, Frank Oppenheimer Memorial Exhibit, American Association of Physics Teachers, The Exploratorium, San Francisco, January 1987.

B3-15: FOOL'S TACKLE
Sutton, Demonstration Experiments in Physics, Demonstration M-47.
Little Stinkers: Is It Only a Question of Scale?, TPT 3, 87 (1965).
T. D. M., Department of Forgotten Lore: What's a Spanish burton, TPT 12, 84, 98 (1974).
Albert A. Bartlett, Department of Forgotten lore: What is (or was) White's Pulley, TPT 14, 13 (1976).
Donald E. Simanek, Fooling Around with Pulley Systems, The Vector: A Journal of Ephemera, Number 19, December 1989.
H. Richard Crane, How Things Work: Simple Devices that Fascinate - But Only Some People, The Chinese Windlass, TPT 31, 120-121 (1993).

B3-21: CHISEL AS WEDGE
None.

B3-22: SCREW JACK - HUMAN LIFT
None.

B3-23: ENDLESS SCREW
None.

B4: ELASTICITY

B4-01: HOOKE'S LAW
Glenn Wagner, Linearizing a Nonlinear Spring, TPT 33, 566-567 (1995).
Fabio Menezes de Souza Lima, Gustavo Mulim Venceslau, and Eliana dos Reis Nunes, A new Hookes law experiment, TPT 40, 35-36 (2002).
G. R. Reich and Adam Bradshaw, Using Nega'tor Springs as a Source of Constant Force, TPT 40, 154-155 (2003).

B4-02: HOOKE'S LAW - COMPRESSING A SPRING
None.

B4-03: SPRINGS IN SERIES AND PARALLEL
Julius Sumner Miller, Extensions of the Elementary Laboratory Experiment on Simple Harmonic Motion, AJP 18, 465-466, (1950).
Timothy J. Folkerts, A more general form for parallel springs, AJP 70, 493-494 (2002).

B4-04: SPRING AND STRING THING
I. Peterson, Strings and Springs Net Mechanical Surprise, Science News, Vol 140, p. 118.
Joel E. Cohen and Paul Horowitz, Letters to Nature: Paradoxical behaviour of mechanical and electrical networks, Nature, Vol 352, 22 August 1991, pp. 699-701.
Claude M. Penchina and Leora J. Penchina, The Braess paradox in mechanical, traffic, and other networks, AJP 71, 479-482 (2003).

B4-11: ELASTIC LIMIT OF RUBBER BAND
None.

B4-12: ELASTIC LIMIT OF SOLDER SPRING
None.

B4-13: ELASTIC LIMIT OF BALLOON
None.

B4-14: ELASTIC LIMIT OF WIIRE
Central Scientific Co., Wire Testing Machine, Cat. No. 74080, Chigago, Ill.
Jakob Hochuli, How Strong Is Your Fishing Line? 2011 STEM Science Fair Project report.

B4-21: DEFLECTION OF BEAM - OPTICAL LEVER
Brian Meachum, UM Physics Lecture-Demonstration Facility, Information Sheet with design and construction details.
Sample data.
Keith Turvey, An undergraduate experiment on the vibration of a cantilever and its application to the determination of Young's modulus, AJP 58, 483-487 (1990).
Daniel L. MacIsaac and Michael Nordstrand, Demonstrating and measuring the flexure of a masonry wall, TPT 39, 212-214 (2001).
Joseph A. Taylor, Visualizing tension and compression, TPT 40, 54-55 (2002).

B4-31: FAILURE OF WOOD IN COMPRESSION
James Casey, The Elasticity of Wood, TPT 31, 286-288 (1993).

B4-32: CAN CRUSHER - WALL STABILITY
None.

B4-33: EGG CRUSHER
Lila M. Adair and Garry C. Loveless, Walking on Eggs, TPT 35, 28-30 (1997).