Supplementary Materials for Phys 798S
Lecture notes
Overhead transparencies for lecture 1
Scientific American article on Heike Kamerlingh Onnes's discovery of superconductivity.
Critical fluctuations in HTS paper by Lobb.
An introductory website for superconductivity, including an interesting collection of SC links.
Overhead Transparencies for lecture 2
Magnetically-levitated train using superconductors sets speed record
Classic paper on the 2-Fluid model by Gorter
Superconducting Niobium cavity for surface impedance measurements
Superconducting wireless filters
Dissipated Power vs. Frequency (Normal vs. superconducting metals)
The Ferrell-Tinkham-Glover optical conductivity Sum Rule paper
Q+A with James Annett on the Optical Conductivity Sum Rule
Measurement of flux quantization
First flux quantization measurement papers by Deaver and Doll
Background material: A nice discussion of the Free Electron Model by Evgeny Tsymbal, Univ. of Nebraska
The Cooper pair instability paper (Phys. Rev. 104, 1189 (1956))
Observed correlation of T_{c} with the density of states at the Fermi level in 4d transition metal alloys
p-wave(?) superconductivity in strontium ruthenate (Physics Today article)
Isotope effect exponent. Table of measured isotope effect exponents. Isotope effect paper by Garland (PRL 11, 114 (1963). Isotope effect in MgB_{2}.
Background material: Wikipedia entry for Phonons.
Vkk' for d-wave pairing. Use of this Vkk' to calculate superconducitng properties; Lenck and Carbotte (PRB 49, 4176 (1994)).
The case for d-wave pairing in the cuprates, by Doug Scalapino.
Superconductivity in the Elements.
Background material: Wikipedia entry for Second Quantization. Also Slater Determinant.
The BCS paper (Phys. Rev. 108, 1175 (1957))
Overview of BCS theory by Cooper
BCS theory assumes equal abundance of spin-up and spin-down electrons. A recent Science paper by the MIT group shows that Fermionic superfluidity is robust against a substantial imbalance in spin populations.
BCS occupation distribution, compared to the Fermi function at Tc. Associated Mathematica notebook.
Mathematica calcualtion of approximate BCS gap temperature dependence
Overhead viewgraph on BCS energy gap
Coherence Effects in superconductors (Hebel-Schlicter peak, etc.)
Lecture 12 overhead viewgraphs
Paper by P. Anderson on the pairing of time-reversed states in a Cooper Pair
Intermediate state of type-I superconductors (domain walls), and superconducitng nanowires
Resistance versus temperature of a superconducting nanowire
Abrikosov vortex lattice (Mathematica notebook)
Vortex lattice imaging.
Gallery of Abrikosov vortex lattice images web site.
Plots of single-vortex magnetic field and current for radii greater than the GL coherence length
Vortex-Anti-Vortex annihilation in current-carrying superconducting strips
Physics Today article on Bardeen and Josephson, "The Nobel Laureat versus the Graduate Student"
Am. J. Phys. article "The Josephson Effect and e over h" by John Clarke
Josephson current-phase relationship
Magnetic diffraction and Josephson vortex viewgraphs
SQUID application to underground radio . MEG measurements with SQUIDs. Phase-sensitive measurements and high-T_{c} p-SQUIDs. Review article on phase-sensitive measurements using SQUIDs by Kirtley and Tsuei.
Measurement of fluctuation susceptibility in Al nanoparticles as evidence of non-zero orber parameter above T_{c}
Measurement of fluctuation conductivity above T_{c} in 1D and 2D samples
Overheads from the Kosterlitz-Thouless lecture
Superfluid Helium. Vortices in superfluid ^{4}He.
Observation of the "Meissner Effect" in rotating Helium by Hess and Fairbank
Introduction to ^{3}He by the Packard group at UC Berkeley. Phase diagram of ^{3}He.