2.1.3 Mössbauer Effect

The initial objective of this experiment is to observe the Mössbauer effect by making a velocity spectrum of the 14.4 keV line in 26Fe57. Then one could investigate the variation of local magnetic properties of some material with changes in parameters such as temperature, applied field, or crystal matrix.

We have a simple constant acceleration Mössbauer spectrometer, a 27Co57 source, a variety of absorbers, and a suitable cryostat. The article by Haskins suggests many interesting experiments. There is also a manual which describes the set-up of the equipment available in the laboratory). References

  1. File Booklet - References on Mössbauer Spectroscopy - includes two original papers in German and two English translations.
    1. R.L. Mössbauer, "Gammastrahlung in Ir191" ["Nuclear Resonance Absorption of Gamma rays in Ir191"], Z. Physik 151, 124 (1958). [One of the original descriptions of the effect. In German.];
    2. English translation of original German article  R. L. Mössbauer, "Nuclear Resonance Absorption of Gamma rays in Ir191," Naturwissenschaftem 45, 538 (1958) (also found in the re ference below;
    3. R.L. Mössbauer, Z. Naturforsch. 14a, 211 (1959). [An original paper in German.]
  2. L. J. Swartzendruber and L. H. Bennett, "Mössbauer Spectroscopy," in Metals Handbook, 9th Edition, Vol 10, edited by H.E. Boyer and T.L. Gall, (American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio, 1986), pp. 287-295.
  3. A. C. Melissinos, Experiments in Modern Physics, New York: Academic Press, (1966). In Grad Lab library #18. QC33.M52. 
  4. J. R. Haskins, "Advanced Mössbauer Effect Experiments," Am. J. Phys. 33, 646 (1965).
  5. H. Lustig, "Mössbauer Effect," Am. J. Phys. 29, 1 (1961).
  6. J. Hesse, "Simple Arrangement for Educational Mössbauer-Effect Measurements," Am. J. Phys. 41, 127 (1973). 
  7. C. F. Smarsh, Mössbauer Spectrometer Manual. College Park: Grad Lab Press.
  8. D.W. Hudgings and Alex J. Dragt, "Signal averaging at modest cost," Am. J. Phys. 40, 1206 (1972).
  9. L. J. Swartzendruber and L. H. Bennett, "Mössbauer Spectrometer Calibration Using TiFe," J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sec. A 74A, 691 (1970). 
  10. H. Frauenfelder, The Mössbauer Effect, (W. A. Benjamin, New York, 1962). . Gives a schematic introduction, a compilation of references, and a collection of reprints, including a translation of Mössbauer's article listed as reference above. QC477.F7.
  11. C. Wertheim, "Resource Letter...on the Mössbauer Effect," Am. J. Phys. 31, 1 (1963).
  12. R. V. Pound and G. A. Rebka, "Variation with Temperature of the Energy of Recoil-free Gamma Rays from Solids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 6 (1960).
  13. B. V. Josephson, "Temperature Dependent Shift of X-rays Emitted by a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 341 (1961).
  14. D.A. Shirley, "Application and Intrepretation of Isomer Shifts," Rev. Mod. Phys. 36, 339 (1964).
  15. J. R. De Voe and J. J. Spijkerman, "Mössbauer Spectrometry," Anal. Chem. 38, 382R (1966).
  16. R. S. Preston, S. S. Hanna and J. Herberle, "Mössbauer Effect in Metallic Iron," Phys. Rev. 128, 2207 (1962).
  17. NBS Miscellaneous Publication 260-13, "Mössbauer Spectroscopy Standard for the Chemical Shift of Iron Compounds."
  18. NBS, Certificate of Calibration: Standard Reference Material 725 for Isomer Shift of Iron Compounds. This descibes the nitroprusside velocity calibration thin sample.
  19. Hamamatsu, Use of Photomultiplier Tubes in Scintillation Applications.
  20. Mossbauer Foil Sample List
  21. Nominal Source Data Sheet


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