2.1.3 Mössbauer Effect
The initial objective of this experiment is to observe the Mössbauer
effect by making a velocity spectrum of the 14.4 keV line in 26Fe57.
Then one could investigate the variation of local magnetic properties of some material
with changes in parameters such as temperature, applied field, or crystal matrix.
We have a simple constant acceleration Mössbauer
spectrometer, a 27Co57 source, a variety of absorbers, and a
suitable cryostat. The article by Haskins suggests many
interesting experiments. There is also a manual which describes
the set-up of the equipment available in the laboratory). References
- File Booklet - References on Mössbauer Spectroscopy - includes two
original papers in German and two English translations.
- R.L. Mössbauer, "Gammastrahlung
in Ir191" ["Nuclear Resonance Absorption of Gamma rays in Ir191"],
Z. Physik 151, 124 (1958). [One of the original descriptions of the effect. In
- English translation of original German
article R. L. Mössbauer, "Nuclear Resonance Absorption
of Gamma rays in Ir191," Naturwissenschaftem
45, 538 (1958) (also found in the re ference below;
- R.L. Mössbauer, Z. Naturforsch. 14a, 211 (1959). [An original
paper in German.]
- L. J. Swartzendruber and L. H.
Bennett, "Mössbauer Spectroscopy," in Metals Handbook, 9th Edition, Vol
10, edited by H.E. Boyer and T.L. Gall, (American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio,
1986), pp. 287-295.
- A. C. Melissinos, Experiments in Modern Physics, New York:
Academic Press, (1966). In Grad Lab library #18. QC33.M52.
- J. R. Haskins, "Advanced
Mössbauer Effect Experiments," Am. J. Phys. 33, 646 (1965).
- H. Lustig, "Mössbauer
Effect," Am. J. Phys. 29, 1 (1961).
- J. Hesse, "Simple Arrangement
for Educational Mössbauer-Effect Measurements," Am. J. Phys. 41, 127
- C. F. Smarsh, Mössbauer
Spectrometer Manual. College Park: Grad Lab Press.
- D.W. Hudgings and Alex J. Dragt,
"Signal averaging at modest cost," Am. J. Phys. 40, 1206 (1972).
- L. J. Swartzendruber and L. H.
Bennett, "Mössbauer Spectrometer Calibration Using TiFe," J. Res. Nat. Bur.
Stand. Sec. A 74A, 691 (1970).
- H. Frauenfelder, The Mössbauer Effect, (W. A. Benjamin, New
York, 1962). . Gives a schematic introduction, a compilation of references, and a
collection of reprints, including a translation of Mössbauer's article listed as reference above. QC477.F7.
- C. Wertheim, "Resource
Letter...on the Mössbauer Effect," Am. J. Phys. 31, 1 (1963).
- R. V. Pound and G. A. Rebka,
"Variation with Temperature of the Energy of Recoil-free Gamma Rays from
Solids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 6 (1960).
- B. V. Josephson, "Temperature
Dependent Shift of X-rays Emitted by a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 341 (1961).
- D.A. Shirley, "Application and
Intrepretation of Isomer Shifts," Rev. Mod. Phys. 36, 339 (1964).
- J. R. De Voe and J. J. Spijkerman,
"Mössbauer Spectrometry," Anal. Chem. 38, 382R (1966).
- R. S. Preston, S. S. Hanna and J.
Herberle, "Mössbauer Effect in Metallic Iron," Phys. Rev. 128, 2207
- NBS Miscellaneous Publication 260-13,
"Mössbauer Spectroscopy Standard for the Chemical Shift of Iron Compounds."
- NBS, Certificate of Calibration: Standard
Reference Material 725 for Isomer Shift of Iron Compounds. This descibes the nitroprusside
velocity calibration thin sample.
- Hamamatsu, Use of Photomultiplier
Tubes in Scintillation Applications.
- Mossbauer Foil Sample List
- Nominal Source Data Sheet
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