2.3.3 Angular Correlation Experiments

Using a radioactive source which has two gamma rays that are emitted with an anisotropic decay, you will measure the angular correlation between the two rays. References

  1. E. L. Brady and M. Deutsch, "Angular correlation of successive gamma-ray quanta," Phy. Rev. 72, 870 (1947). This is one of the original gamma-gamma angular correlations experiments.
  2. E. L. Brady and M. Deutsch, "Angular correlation of successive gamma-ray quanta II," Phy. Rev. 74, 1541 (1948). This is a follow-up of their first article.
  3. E. L. Brady and M. Deutsch, "Angular correlation of successive gamma-rays," Phy. Rev. 78, 558 (1950). This is a more informative experimental discussion of gamma-gamma correlation than their earlier work. It includes six examples with Co60 being one of them.
  4. R. M. Steffen, "Extranuclear effects on angular correlations of nuclear radiations," Adv. Phys. 4, 293 (1955). Section 2 is a nice review of the gamma-gamma angular correlation. This comprehensive article also discusses how external fields affects the correlation.
  5. L. C. Biedenharn and M. E. Rose, "Theory of angular correlation of nuclear radiation," Rev. Mod. Phys. 25, 729 (1953). This is a comprehensive theoretical discussion.
  6. H. Frauenfelder, in Alpha-, Beta- Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy, K. Siegbahn, Ed., ( North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1955), Chap. 19, pp. 531-599. In Grad Lab library #27. QC771.S5
  7. A. C. Melissinos, Experiments in Modern Physics, ( Academic Press, New York, 1966). In Grad Lab library #18. QC33.M52
  8. G. C. Kyker, "Resolving Time Effect on Counting Statistics," Am. J. Phys. 49, 561 (1981).
  9. D. Engelkemeir, "Nonlinear Response of NaI(Tl) to Photons," Rev. Sci. Inst. 4, 589 (1956).
  10. Photomultiplier Handbook, (Burle Industries Inc., Lancaster, PA, 1989). This is a complete guide to the understanding of photomultiplier tubes. Note the temperature dependence of photomultiplier tubes.
  11. Glenn F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, New York: John Wiley (2000).  To be added to GL library 10/00.
  12. William R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and  Particle Physics Experiments, New York: Springer Verlag (1996).   QC793.L46  Modern treatment of devices and techniques.



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