2.3.3 Angular Correlation Experiments

Using a radioactive source which has two gamma rays that
are emitted with an anisotropic decay, you will measure the angular correlation between
the two rays. **References**

- E. L. Brady and M. Deutsch,
"Angular correlation of successive gamma-ray quanta," Phy. Rev.
**72**, 870 (1947). This is one of the original gamma-gamma angular correlations experiments. - E. L. Brady and M. Deutsch,
"Angular correlation of successive gamma-ray quanta II," Phy. Rev.
**74**, 1541 (1948). This is a follow-up of their first article. - E. L. Brady and M. Deutsch,
"Angular correlation of successive gamma-rays," Phy. Rev.
**78**, 558 (1950). This is a more informative experimental discussion of gamma-gamma correlation than their earlier work. It includes six examples with Co^{60}being one of them. - R. M. Steffen, "Extranuclear
effects on angular correlations of nuclear radiations," Adv. Phys.
**4**, 293 (1955). Section 2 is a nice review of the gamma-gamma angular correlation. This comprehensive article also discusses how external fields affects the correlation. - L. C. Biedenharn and M. E. Rose,
"Theory of angular correlation of nuclear radiation," Rev. Mod. Phys.
**25**, 729 (1953). This is a comprehensive theoretical discussion. - H. Frauenfelder, in
*Alpha-,**Beta- Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy*, K. Siegbahn, Ed., ( North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1955), Chap. 19, pp. 531-599. In Grad Lab library #27. QC771.S5 - A. C. Melissinos,
*Experiments in Modern Physics*, ( Academic Press, New York, 1966). In Grad Lab library #18. QC33.M52 - G. C. Kyker, "Resolving Time
Effect on Counting Statistics," Am. J. Phys.
**49**, 561 (1981). - D. Engelkemeir, "Nonlinear
Response of NaI(Tl) to Photons," Rev. Sci. Inst.
**4**, 589 (1956). *Photomultiplier Handbook*, (Burle Industries Inc., Lancaster, PA, 1989). This is a complete guide to the understanding of photomultiplier tubes. Note the temperature dependence of photomultiplier tubes.- Glenn F. Knoll,
*Radiation Detection and Measurement*, New York: John Wiley (2000). To be added to GL library 10/00. - William R. Leo,
*Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments*, New York: Springer Verlag (1996). QC793.L46 Modern treatment of devices and techniques.

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