Your papers should be well organized, neat, concise and
written in English. Each paper should include at least 4 sections — Abstract,
Introduction, Experiment and Results. In some cases you will want to
have a Theory and/or a Discussion section but, only include sections
that are necessary to make your point. The abstract and introduction
are extremely important because they set the tone of the paper; you
will capture or lose your reader in these two sections. Consequently,
you should spend some time carefully crafting these sections. The abstract
should give information only — no lead-in no discussion. Here is an example:
The A-technique was employed to measured the
B-parameter in System C. Under conditions D, we find values for the B-parameter
of ____. These values imply _____.
The introduction is where you should give enough information
for a reasonably well educated physicist to understand why this paper should
be read. Specifically, you should include information regarding how what
you have measured is related, in some broad sense, to science and why such
a measurement is important to a particular local area of physics. As an
example, in the Mössbauer experiment, the hyperfine splitting of specific
nuclear states are measured whereby the effects of chemistry on nuclear
structure can be investigated. This is interesting because we usually think
of chemistry as an electronic effect involving the valence electrons and
thus perturbing only the atomic structure. If this is the first time or
a novel approach for such a measurement it should be so stated. If you
are testing a theoretical prediction or verifying a previous measurement
this should also be stated. In some cases you will need to review some
of the theory or background to the area. This should not be done in the
introduction but in a separate section. In the introduction you can direct
the reader to sections where the theory is reviewed. You may simply say:
This paper is organized into ___ sections. In Sec. II we present the relevant
theory necessary to interpret our measurement, in Sec. III we describe
the instrumentation, ...
Body of the Paper
Here is where you tell your story. You first must explain
your instrumentation and the experiment. Be sure to include in your descriptions
all the conditions under which your experiments were performed, e. g.,
PMT voltages, temperatures, pressures, etc. You should give enough
information that if someone wanted to repeat your experiments they would
be able determine what your parameters were. In addition, if your results
need to be compared to another's, apples will be able to be compared with
apples. Finally, since these are experimental papers, a long and tedious
calculation or derivation should appear in an appendix.
Define all abbreviations in the body of the text the
first time they occur.
Never begin a sentence with an abbreviation or a symbol.
Refer to the AIP style book for the agreed upon standard
Degree Kelvin: K
Degree Celsius: °C
Each figure should have a descriptive caption. One should
be able to look at a figure and discern its meaning without reading the
text. For example, captions for a spectrum in the ultrasound experiment
in liquids should state the substance, driving frequency and temperature
under which the spectrum was obtained. Within a figure, labels should be
in all caps. Sometimes it is helpful to give a figure a title, but not
always. Do not substitute a screen dump for a figure.
Tables also should be made with care. Sometimes you will
want to include a table caption to explain table heading or footnotes to
explain table entries.
Papers are graded according to the following six categories.
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