**Terms:**

Force

Momentum: linear and angular

Energy

Kinetic energy

Velocity

Speed

Acceleration

Support force (normal force)

Potential energy (gravitational)

Work

Conserved quantity

Mechanical advantage

Angular velocity, acceleration

Torque

Center of mass

Moment of inertia

Friction: static and sliding

Power

Impulse

Spring scale

Spring constant

Equilibrium

Coefficient of restitution

Inertial frame of reference

Uniform circular motion

Centripetal acceleration

“Centrifugal force” [fictitious]

Pressure

Buoyant force,

Archimedes’s principle

Ideal gas

Incompressible fluid

Steady-state flow

Bernoulli

Viscosity

Turbulent flow

Laminar flow

Vortex

Reynolds number

Boundary layer

Induced drag

Lift

Stalling

Thrust

Speed of sound, light

Shock wave

Orbit

Heat, thermal equilibrium

Conductivity: thermal, electrical

Convection

Radiation

Spectrum of electromagnetic

radiation

Blackbody spectrum

Emissivity

Coefficient of volume expansion

Sublimation

Entropy

Heat engine

Internal combustion engine

Engine efficiency

Electrostatic force

Electric charge

Corona discharge

Electrically polarized object

Photoconductor

Insulator, semiconductor, conductor

Bands: conduction, valence

Electric circuit

Open vs. closed circuit, short circuit

Resistance, capacitance, inductance

Current: ampere

Transformer: step-up, step-down

Primary, secondary voltage, current

Magnetic flux

Ferromagnet

Magnetic domain

Tape bias

Diode

Radio waves

Tank circuit

Polarization of electromagnetic wave

Amplitude, frequency modulation

Phosphor

Lorentz force

Microwaves

Visible light

Index of refraction

Refraction

Reflection

Interference: constructive,

destructive

In-phase, out-of-phase

Rayleigh scattering

Dispersion

Electron state: ground, excited

Radiative transition

Fluorescence

LASER

Spontaneous vs. stimulated emission

(of radiation)

Coherent vs. incoherent light

Converging lens

Real image

Focal length

Aperture, f-number

Depth of focus

Depth of field (not in book)

Shutter speed

Exposure

Pixel

Binary notation

Additive primary colors: RGB

CD, DVD

Diffraction limit

Total internal reflection

Heisenberg uncertainty principle

Radioactive decay

Tunneling

Nuclear fusion

Chain reaction

Half-life

Critical mass, supercritical mass

Gamma rays

CT or CAT scan (computer-

[assisted] tomography)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

**Laws:**

Conservation of linear, angular

momentum

Rotational analogues

Ideal gas

Bernoulli

Poiseuille

Universal Gravitation (vs. Gravitation on earth)

Stefan-Boltzmann

Thermodynamics: 0,1,2,[3]

Coulomb’s law

Pauli exclusion principle

Ohm’s law

Power = voltage drop x current

Wave speed = wavelength x

frequency

Planck law E = h f (or nu)

Lens

**New units and constants:**

Meter

Gravitational acceleration g

Joule

Radian

Pascal

Boltzmann constant

Coulomb, electron charge

Gravitational constant

Ampere

Ohm

Henry

[Farad]

Planck’s constant

**Comparisons:**

Incandescent vs. fluorescent bulbs

Impulse vs. work

AC vs. DC current

Static vs. sliding friction

LASER vs. incoherent light

AM vs. FM

Microwave vs. conventional cooking

Earth vs. moon environments

Laminar vs. turbulent flow

Jets/rockets vs. propellers

Linear vs. rotational motion

Constructive vs. destructive

Interference of waves

Depth of field vs. depth of focus

Digital vs. film photography

Magnetic tape vs. CD